Lenin Biography
Lenin
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, known as Lenin (April 22, 1870 - January 21, 1924), was a Russian revolutionary and leader of the Bolshevik Party. He was the first leader of the USSR and the Communist government that conquered Russia in 1917. The version of Communism that Lenin adopted for the Soviet Union is also known as the inventor of Leninism.

"We want to bring about a new and better order of society: there should be no rich or poor in this new and better society; all must be done. And the cost of millions of people Edagakudadu with the rich. This is a new and better society, a socialist society. "
Lenin’s Collected Works, Vol 6, p.366

Early Life – Lenin

 Lenin was born in the town of Simbirsk in the Russian Empire. His mother was a schoolteacher and his father an education officer.

Lenin was a student of Latin and Greek. In 1887, he was expelled from Kazan State University for protesting against the Tsar, king of the Russian Empire. He continued to read books and ideas by himself, and in 1891 became licensed to become a lawyer.
In the same year that he was expelled from the University of Lenin, his brother Alexander was executed for his involvement in the bombing to kill Tsar Alexander III and sent their sister Anna to Tatarstan. This angered Lenin and he promised to avenge his brother's death.

Lenin before the Revolution


While studying law in St. Petersburg, he learned of the writings of German radical Marxist philosophers Carl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Lenin developed a lifelong philosophy to overthrow capitalist society and replace it with a good communist society. He viewed the existing capitalist society as inherently unfair.

"Freedom in capitalist society is always the same as in ancient Greek republics: freedom for slave-owners."

– Lenin

For writing about involvement and Marxism, Lenin was arrested and sent to a prison in Siberia.

In July 1898, while in Siberia, he married Lenin Nadezda Krupskaya. In 1899 he wrote the book Capitalism Development in Russia ”. In 1900, Lenin was released from prison and allowed to return home. Later sailed around Europe. He started publishing the Marxist newspaper, the Russian word for "spark" or "lightning". He was an important member of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party or the RSDLP.

In 1903, another leader of the Lenin Party had a major argument with Julius Martov, which split the party into two. Lenin wanted a strict system that would give the government only power. Martov disagreed, and the government wanted to give power to the general public. People who agree with Martov are called Mensheviks (ie "minority"). Those who agree with Lenin are called Bolsheviks. ( "Majority")

In 1907 he traveled around Europe and visited many socialist conferences and events. During World War I, he lived in large European cities such as London, Paris, and Geneva. At the beginning of the war, he represented the Bolsheviks in the Second International with the Left parties. However, the meeting was closed as disparate groups disagreed on whether to support or oppose the First World War. Lenin and the Bolsheviks were one of the few groups that opposed the war because of Marxist ideas.

1917 Revolution

In 1917, people started rumors that Lenin had received money from the Germans. It made him look bad, as many Russians died while fighting Germany in the war. The rumors were so bad that he feared he would be arrested or killed. He left Russia and moved to Finland, a country next to Russia where he could hide and continue his work on communism.

After Tsar Nicholas II relinquished his throne during the February Revolution, the Germans thought they could persuade Russia to give up the war. The German government secretly helped Lenin return to Russia in the hope that Lenin would help end Russia's war. Lenin was still regarded as the most important Bolshevik leader and he saw the great dissatisfaction of the population as giving the revolution a unique opportunity. He writes that it must be a general workers' revolution to overthrow the government that replaced Nichols.

In October 1917, the Bolsheviks, led by Lenin and Trotsky, led the Petrograd Soviets and other Soviets throughout Russia, known as the October Revolution in the revolution against the Kerensky government. The revolution was a success as the army did not want to turn the people over. Lenin declared that Russia was now a communist country and that by November it had elected Lenin as its leader.

Because Lenin wanted to end the First World War in Russia, he signed the Brest-Litovsk Treaty with Germany in February 1918. When the treaty ended the war with Germany, Russia paid a high price for the lost land. But ending the Lenin War is critical.

"The government considers continuing the war to be the greatest crime against humanity in terms of how they have seized power between the strongest and the richest countries and has immediately announced its decision to sign peace terms to stop this war.

Report on Peace (8 November 1917), Lenin's Collected Works, Vol

The Russian agreement with Germany made allied powers, e.g. Great Britain and France are unhappy. Also, the great powers feared that if the Communist Revolution in Russia took place, it could take place elsewhere in Europe. Allied governments backed the White Russians - people loyal to the Tsar or the Kerensky government. There was an ongoing civil war with the Bolsheviks fighting throughout the country. Lenin made provisions to feed the Communist soldiers in Russia's new Red Army as much as possible. It was a factor to win the Civil War, but, in this period, many ordinary people died of hunger or disease. 

After the war, Lenin brought about a new economic policy and tried to do good for the country. Some private companies are allowed, but not much. Businessmen known as Nepmen own not only factories but small industries.

In 1918, after a woman named Fanny Kaplan shot Lenin, he began to have strokes. By May 1922, he was severely frozen. After another stroke in March 1923, he could neither speak nor move. In January 1924, Lenin's fourth stroke killed him. Before he died, Lenin wanted to get rid of Stalin because he felt dangerous to the country and the government.

Before Lenin died, he wanted to be buried beside his mother. When he died, Stalin decided to come and see the people of Russia. With so many coming, they decided not to bury him and instead preserved his body. A mansion was built in Red Square, Moscow, to see the body. It is called the tomb of Lenin. Many Russians and tourists still go there to see his body.